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Natural resources


Dalian covers an area of 12, 574 square kilometers, among which 2, 415 square kilometers of area is its old city. The entire area has abundant mountains and hills. The Yellow Sea Water System and the Bohai Water System provide fresh water of 3.786 billion cubic meters per year. Land Resources

In 1993, the area of arable land covered 287,000 hectares, taking up 22.8% of the city's land, of which rice paddies occupied 33,000 hectares, and dry farmland 254,000. There are 6 kinds of soil in Dalian. Dalian has 907,000 hectares of brown zonal soil, amounting to 81.5% of the total; meadow soil, paddy soil, sand soil, saline soil and boggy soil take up 18.5%. Tideland totaled 66,000 hectares, occupying 5.2% of the city’s total land area, including 42,000 hectares in the Yellow Sea and 24,000 in the Bohai Sea.

Biological Resources

Dalian is suitable for the growth of both animals and plants because of its pleasant climate and advantageous natural and ecological environments. The plant life includes 110 kinds of oil plants, 120 kinds of medicinal plants, 50 kinds of traditional Chinese herbs, and more than 50 kinds of plants for extracting starch or making wine. Dalian is also renowned for the production of apples. In addition, it is a big producer of hawthorn fruits, grapes and yellow peaches. In recent years, people in Dalian have begun to grow strawberries. There are more than 150 kinds of seaweed, including chlorophyta,brown algae and red algae, and 50 kinds are cash crops. Kelp and wakame are quite popular, and people have started to plant these crops. Dalian has plentiful sea products, including fish and shrimp, abalone, apostichopus, japonicus selenka, scallops, anthocidaris crassispina, and snails.

Mineral Resources

Nearly 30 types of metals, non-metals, geothermal energy and mineral water resources have been discovered in more than 500 places in Dalian. Non-metals such as limestone, silica, diamonds, amianthus,magnesite,and talcum are of great value. The total amount of diamonds discovered in Dalian accounts for 54% of the nation’s reserve. Limestone is mainly scattered in Ganjingzi District and Wufangdian District, accounting for one-third of the proved reserves of Liaoning province. Metals discovered in Wufangdian District and Wafangdian District include over 70 iron ores, 40 copper ores, 20 lead ores and other rare metals.